Author Guidelines

Accepted Types and Languages

IJTES accepts original research and review manuscripts employing qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods. Only Turkish or English manuscripts are accepted for review and publication.


Article Template

The manuscripts that are sent to IJTES for review are strongly recommended to use Article Template. The manuscripts should be prepared based on the information both in this guideline and the template; otherwise, they will be rejected during the format check.

General Format

The manuscripts should be provided in Microsoft Word or an equivalent format. The manuscripts should be under 8000 words in length including appendices and references. Page layout should be 2,5 cm from all sides. The type character should be Palatino Linotype, 11 type size, single line spacing, and 10,25nk before each paragraph. The abstract, footnotes, and direct quotations should be 9,5 type size. 0nk should be set before and after paragraphs. The title system should be in line with the article template.

Tables, Figures, and Graphs

If a table, figure, or graph is presented in a manuscript, it should be cited in the text and explained. Each visual should have a caption that should be as concise as possible. All visuals should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. The vertical lines should be hidden in tables. Horizontal lines should be used for only the caption and the end of the table. The type size can be 10; however, the same type size should be used in all tables. The alpha value should be provided under each table with 10 type size. The dot (.) should be used for decimals.


Documents that are not suitable to be provided in the main body can be added as appendices. The appendices should be cited in the main body. It should be placed after references under the title of “appendices” using the numerals and appendix title.

The Required Sections in Manuscripts
Title Page

On the first page of the manuscript, the title, author details, abstract, and keywords should be provided in the first language of the manuscript (English or Turkish). The second page should involve the same information in the secondary language using the same style.


A concisely worded and attractive title reflecting the problem should be provided. The type character should be Palatino Linotype, beginning with a capital letter, 14 type size, bold, aligned left, single line spacing, 6nk before and 12nk after.

Author Details

Author details should not be provided before the review. Any information that can reveal the authors should be avoided in the main body. Such information will be added after the review process. Author details should be provided after the title. The first letter of names and surnames should be capitalized. The type character should be Palatino Linotype, 11 type size, and aligned left. The title of authors, affiliations, and ORCID ids should be provided after the author names.


The abstract should be between 200 and 250 words in length. It should involve the purpose, methods, main findings, and recommendations. Review studies might have different content in the abstract. The title of “abstract” should be provided in Palatino Linotype characters, 10 type size, all capitalized, bold, and aligned left. The content should be Palatino Linotype characters, 9,5 type size, and justified.


Keywords between 3 and 5 should be provided next to the abstract. They should reflect the content. The type character should be Palatino Linotype, 10 type size, separated by commas, and the first letter of each word should be capitalized.


It is the section in which the research problem is introduced. The topic should be discussed so as to demonstrate how it creates a problem. The main concepts related to the topic are introduced. The results of relevant studies are provided. The rationale of the current study is explained based on the literature. Then, the purpose of the study and the research questions are provided. The contemporary national and international literature should be reviewed. Reviews of all variables in the study should be reflected in a comprehensive, rational, and academic style.


The methods section involves information about the methods and techniques employed, population-sample or participants, data collection tools, data analysis, etc. (for example, the procedure for experimental research). Information related to ethics committee approval (title of the committee, date, and number of approval decision) should be placed in methods. Some information can be hidden before the review so as not to reveal the authors; however, such information should be provided after the review process. Review articles might not need to have this section.


The findings of the study are provided under this title. No discussion or comments are made here. It is recommended to mention the relevant research question firstly, and present the findings using tables, figures, or some other visuals.


The main findings are mentioned as results in this section. Then, these results are interpreted, compared with the results of other studies, and discussed. Finally, recommendations are made for practitioners, researchers, and policy-makers.

Author Contributions (will be provided after peer review)

This section should include to what extent and how each author contributed to the article. Percentage (%) can be used but not compulsory. If there is only one author, it should be declared that the whole process was carried out by the author. This title is compulsory for all manuscripts.

Acknowledgments (will be provided after peer review)

This title should be used when the study was supported by an institution or conducted as a part of a project. Moreover, people who contributed to the study but did not get the authorship can be thanked. If not necessary, this title can be excluded.

Conflict of Interest (will be provided after peer review)

Under this title, any possibility of conflict of interest regarding the authors should be declared. A conflict of interest can occur when authors (or their employers or sponsors) have a financial, commercial, legal, or professional relationship with other organizations or people that could influence the research. Any conflict of interest should be explained in detail. If there is no conflict, some statements such as “authors declare that they have no conflict of interest” should be added. All articles should include the declaration of conflict of interest.


All sources that were used in the article should be cited in the text and included in the references.

In-text Citation
Direct Quotation

Frequent use of direct quotations is not recommended. The quotation is fewer than 40 words, it should be incorporated into a paragraph and enclosed in double quotation marks. The quotation with 40 or more words should be displayed in an indented, freestanding block of text, without quotation marks using 10 type size and single-spacing.


Citation is the practice of identifying the sources that the authors have paraphrased or otherwise used in their paper without changing the main idea. The idea should be written in the own words of the authors who are citing.


Works by one author: Akın (2015) or (Akın, 2015).
Works by two authors: (Bardakcı and Akın, 2015) or Yazıcı and Bardakcı (2015).
Two or more works by different authors: (Akın, 2015; Bardakcı, 2012; Ünal, 2013; Yazıcı, 2014).
Works by three, four, or five authors: First time (Ünal, Yazıcı, Akın, and Bardakcı, 2015) and rest (Ünal et al., 2015).
Works by six or more authors: First time and rest (Baloğlu et al., 2008).
Institution: First time (World Health Organization [WHO], 1999) and rest (WHO, 1999).
Works by author with the same last name: (A. Yazıcı, 2001; S. Yazıcı, 2000) or A. Yazıcı (2001) and S. Yazıcı (2000).
Two or more works by the same author in different years: (Büyüköztürk, 1990, 1991, 2000).
Two or more works by the same author in the same year: (Özdemir, 2009a, 2009b).
Newspaper article with no author: (The Title of the Article, 2013).
Books: (Akın, 2015, pp. 23).
Internet sources: (
Legislation: The name of the law is given in text and item no is written in parenthesis. For example, Regulation of Primary Education Institutions (i. 60) defines school principals as …
Indirect citation: (Dembo, 1980, as cited in Brown, 2013, pp. 104).

Article by one author (with DOI)

Watkins, D. (1989). The role of confirmatory factor analysis in cross-cultural research. International Journal of Psychology, 24, 685–701. DOI: 10.1080/00207598908247839

Article by one author (without DOI)

Yalçınkaya, M. (2004). Okul merkezli yönetim. Ege Eğitim Dergisi. 5(2), 21–34.

Article by two authors

Yılmaz, A. and Ceylan, Ç. B. (2011). İlköğretim okul yöneticilerinin liderlik davranış düzeyleri ile öğretmenlerin iş doyumu ilişkisi. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Yönetimi, 17(2), 277–294.

Article by three-seven authors

Turan, S. Yücel, C. Karataş, E. ve Demirhan, G. (2010). Okul müdürlerinin yerinden yönetim hakkındaki görüşleri. Uşak Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 3(1), 1–18.
Kahraman R. C., Borman, C., Hanımgil, M., Özler, H., Perçin, D., Işıl, M. ve Sergen, L. (1993). Kroner kalp rahatsızlığının belirlenmesinde rol oynayan faktörler. Sağlık Psikolojisi, 12(2), 301–307.

Article by more than seven authors

Grouzet, F. M., Kasser, T., Ahuvia, A., Dols, J. M., Kim, Y. Lau, S., … Sheldon, K. M. (2005). The structure of goals across 15 cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 800–816.

Article in press

Zekeriya, M., ve Kermenek, S. C. (in press). Suçlu davranışların kalıtsal kökenleri. Çocuk Psikolojisi, 17, 24–31.

Newspaper article without author

Eğitim bilimlerinin tarihsel yolculuğu (22 Ağustos 2013). Milliyet, s. 5.

Translated article

Bruce, T. (1994). Çocukların yaşamında oyunun rolü (çev. A. F. Altınoğlu). Eğitim ve Bilim, 18 (92), 64–69. (Orijinal makalenin yayım tarihi, 1970)


Şişman, M. ve Turan, S. (2002). Eğitimde toplam kalite yönetimi. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
Tabachnick, B. G. ve Fidel, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics. New York: Pearson.

Book by institution

MEB (2013). Türkiye Cumhuriyeti milli eğitim istatistikleri. Ankara: Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı.

Edited book

Memduhoğlu, H. B. ve Yılmaz, K. (Editörler). (2010). Yönetimde yeni yaklaşımlar. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.

Translated Book

Hollingsworth, P. M. ve Hoover, K. H. (1999). İlköğretimde öğretim yöntemleri (çev. T. Gürkan, E. Gökçe ve D. S. Güler). Ankara Üniversitesi Rektörlüğü Yayınları No 214. (Eserin orijinali 1991’de yayımlandı).

Encyclopedia and dictionary

Balcı, A. (2010). Açıklamalı eğitim yönetimi terimleri sözlüğü. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
English, F. W. (Ed.). (2006). Encyclopedia of educational leadership and administration. (Vols. 1–2). California: Sage.

Book chapter

Bandura, A. (2009). Cultivate self-efficacy for personal and organizational effectiveness. E. A. Locke (Ed.), Handbook of principles of organizational behavior: ındispensable knowledge for evidence based management (2nd Edition) içinde (s. 179–200). United Kingdom: John Wiley and Sons.
Aydın, İ. (2005). Okul-çevre ilişkileri. Y. Özden (Editör). Eğitim ve okul yöneticiliği el kitabı içinde (s. 161–185). Ankara: Pegem Akademi.

Conference paper

Akın, U. (2010, Mayıs). Eğitim yöneticilerinin yetiştirilmesi: Türkiye ve seçilmiş ülkelerin karşılaştırılması. V. Ulusal Eğitim Yönetimi Kongresi’nde sunuldu, Antalya.

Unpublished thesis/dissertation

Diamond, D. (1997). An analysis of leadership bahavior and self-efficacy of principals of catholic secondary schools. Unpublished dissertation, The Catholic University of America, USA.
Gürbüz, S. (2007). Yöneticilerin örgütsel vatandaşlık davranışlarının iş tatmini ve algıladıkları örgütsel adalet ile ilişkisi. Yayımlanmamış doktora tezi. İstanbul Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
Glaub, M. E. (2009). Training personal ınitiative to business owners in developing countries: a theoritical derived ıntervention and ıts evaluation. Unpublished master’s thesis. Justus-Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.
Zarifoğlu, N. (2006). Yönetimde yaratıcılığın koşulları ve Beyçelik A.Ş.’de bir uygulama. Yayımlanmamış yüksek lisans tezi, Anadolu Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Eskişehir.

Internet sources

Llobet, J. M. (2009). Self-starter profile: administrator’s manuel. HR Assessments. adresinden alınmıştır.

DPT (2011). İstatistikî bölge birimleri sınıflandırması. adresinden alınmıştır.


Milli Eğitim Temel Kanunu (1973). Resmi Gazete (24.06.1973). Sayı: 14574.