Author Guidelines


Submitted manuscripts should be clear and concise in terms of language and expression, and should include Abstract and Keywords. Abstract should not exceed 200 words. Up to five Keywords should be supplied. Abstract should not provide reference or refer. Aim of the study, methods, the sample/ subject/ working group, tools used, key findings and conclusions should be stated with a paragraph for each. Abstracts and Keywords should be both in English with an English title and in Turkish with a Turkish title for manuscripts in Turkish.

Manuscripts should include the names of the authors. All supplementary material (such as appendices) should be included in the same Word as the manuscript.

The main text file of manuscript should be presented in the following order:

a)      The title of the paper,

b)      The name/s, institutional affiliation/s and e-mail address/es of the author/s,

c)      Abstract and key Words

d)      The title of paper in English (If the article submitted in English the title of paper will be indicated in Turkish)

e)      Abstract and keywords in English (If the article submitted in English the title of paper will be indicated in Turkish)

f)       Main Text (the titles and subtitles must be presented in numerical order)

g)      References (according to the APA citation format)

h)      Appendix

The cover page must include:

a)      the name, address, telephone number, and email address of the corresponding author;

b)      brief author/s biography including any acknowledgements.

The total length of any manuscript submitted should not exceed 25 pages (A4) including figures and tables.



Page Setup: The top and bottom margins should be 2.5 cm, and side margins should be 2.5 cm.

Text Format: Manuscripts should be prepared using Microsoft Word, and should be typed in single line spacing. Space before and after paragraph should be set as 6 points. The font size should be 11 with Times New Roman font only. Title of manuscript should be appearing in uppercase letters, and subtitles should be appearing in lowercase letters. Latin terms should always be in italics no matter how common the usage. All pages should be numbered consecutively in the top right-hand corner, beginning with the first page of the main text file.

Equations and Numbers: Displayed equations should be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript as (1), (2), etc. against the right-hand margin of the page. Equations or formulas should be created using "Math Type" programme.  All variables and names of statistical tests (such as t-statistics, t-test, t = 4.68, F-test) should appear in italics. Bold or italics cannot be used for numerals and abbreviations for math functions (such as ln,∑). Numbers from one to nine should be spelled out, while numerals should be used for numbers from 10 onwards except for millions and a number begins a sentence. Larger numbers should be written with a space instead of comma (such as 50 000).

Tables, Figures and Graphs: Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. The table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols:  , ∗∗ , ∗∗∗ should be reserved. All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be numbered using numerals, cited in consecutive order in the text, and supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. For instance;

Table 3: Extractive Firms in the World’s Top 25

Name of the Company



Field of Activity

Accounting Standard






Exxon Mobile


United States





United Kingdom





United States








Conoco Philips


United States



China National Petroleum




National Standards









Oil, Gas



Reference Citations In-Text: Reference citations of the text should be demonstrated as the surname of the author(s) followed by the year of publication and pages in parentheses as shown below:

    Published Books or Articles: General in-text citation: (Bhimani, Harngren & Datar, 2011)

    In-text citation to a specific page: (Hull 2000, p. 25)

    Website Sources: (OSYM, 2014) or (Sobel, 2001)

    Legal Case, Regulation Standards:  (IAS 1.1), VUK (273.2), (COM/EC No 1725.5)

    Thesis or Dissertations: (Young, 2013)

Endnotes: Endnotes should be kept to a minimum and numbered consecutively throughout the text with superscript numerals. They should not include displayed formula or tables.

References: The list of references should appear at the end of the main text, after appendices but before tables. It should be double-spaced and listed in alphabetical order. Only include articles and books that have been referred to in the paper. The following examples include the requirements of reference style.

Published Book: Name of Author, (Date Published). Title of Book (Edition). Place of Publication. Publisher

Bhimani, A., Horngren, C. T., & Datar, S. M. (2011). Management and cost accounting (5th ed.). Harlow, England: Financial Times/Prentice Hall.

Journal Article: Author of Article. (Date Published). Title of Article. Name of journal, Volume, Issue, Range, doi:

Hamada, T., Nakamura, Y., & Tamagaki, R. (1965). Modification of Hamada-Johnston potential. Progress of Theoretical Physics, 33(4), 769–770. doi:10.1143/ptp.33.769

Website: Date Accessed. Website address

Retrieved February 21, 2017, from

 Sobel, R. S. (2001). Entrepreneurship. Retrieved February 21, 2017, from

Legal Case, Regulation Standards: 

Title of Standard or Regulation (Date). Date Accessed, website address

IAS 1. (2014). Retrieved 21 February 2017, from

Title of Legislation (Date): Number/Code of Legislation. Date Accessed. Date Published/ Kanun Adı (Yıl). Numarası. Erişim/Yayın Tarihi. Number of Official Journal/website address

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1725/2003. (2003). Retrived February 7 2017, from

Institution Publications: Name of Institution (Date).  Title of Publication (Report) .Place of Publication

T.C. Sanayi ve Ticaret Bakanlığı (2011). KOBİ Stratejisi ve Eylem Planı 2011-2013. Ankara.

T.C. Ekonomi Bakanlığı (2017). Uluslararası Doğrudan Yatırım Verileri Bülteni.

Thesis or Dissertations:  Author (Date). Title of Thesis or Dissertation. Website address

Young, A. E. (2013). On trying to make investment responsible: an analysis of integrating environmental, social, and corporate governance issues into institutional investment processes. Retrieved from

PS: Detailed information about APA 6 can be accessed from and  or




1.      Electronic Submission:

Manuscripts can be submitted online in Turkish or English by manuscript submission and tracking system software which was integrated to our web site ( ).


2.      Reviewing and Acceptance:

Adherence to Authors' Guide and completeness of manuscript is checked, and may be returned to authors with Pre Assessment Form in the case of existence of incompleteness or mistake.  If your manuscript is complete and adhere to the Authors’ Guide, the editorial board will initiate double-blind peer review process where both the referee and the author remain anonymous throughout the process. Three peer reviewers are matched to the paper according to their expertise. Peer reviewers transmit evaluation reports to the editorial board. Language correction is not part of the process.


3.      Amendments:

If the peer reviewers require a revision, the manuscript will be sent back you to the author to introduce necessary changes or improvements. The revised manuscript should be submitted to the journal within one month. The corrected manuscript undergoes a second review by the senior editor.


4.      Publication:

The accepted articles will be published in the line determined by editorial board.



We expect all authors submitting to Gazi Journal of Economics and Business to adhere to the following ethical guidelines:

-        Authors should not submit previously published work, nor work which is based in substance on previously published work, either in part or whole.

-        Authors must appropriately cite all relevant publications.

-        All authors must warrant that their article is their own original work, which does not infringe the intellectual property rights of any other person or entity, and cannot be construed as plagiarizing any other published work, including their own previously published work.

-        All authors named on the paper are equally held accountable for the content of a submitted manuscript or published paper.

-        The corresponding author must ensure all named co-authors consent to publication and to being named as a co-author. All persons who have made significant scientific or literary contributions to the work reported should be named as co-authors.

-        If required, authors must facilitate access to data sets described in the article.



The accepted papers' copyrights are belongs to GAZI ACADEMIC PUBLISHING both in print and electronically.  

The corresponding author of accepted paper receives an email asking to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.