Author Guidelines

USOBED (International Journal of Western Black Sea Social and Humanities Sciences), published by the Association of Academies of Western Black Sea; It has been broadcasting since 2017 in social and human sciences such as Economics, Business, Finance, Political Science, Public Administration, International Relations, Labor Economics, Industrial Relations, History, Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology, Islamic Science and Geography.

It is a refreed 
journal and is published twice a year in June and December.

Articles submitted to the editorial board are subject to the evaluation of two or when necessary three specialist experts, in the Refree Board after a preliminary examination.

Desired work of publication of our journal must be submitted to the editorial board in accordance with the following writing rules and other conditions.

There should not be any descriptive information about the writer on the article. Information such as author name / names, location / locations, e-mail, etc. will be added to the article by the editor at the end of the process.

If the article has more than one author, do not forget to add other authors / writers by clicking on the "add author" button in the relevant section of the article uploading step.

Only the articles not published elsewhere or not yet in the evaluation process to be published can be submitted to the journal.

At the end of the evaluation process, if the article is accepted for publication, all publishing rights of the article are owned by USOBED 



Every process in the evaluation step of the article submitted to USOBED journal is sent to the authors by e-mail.

However, some messages sent over the system are blocked by the author's e-mail server or are thrown into the spam folder.

In this case, the negative result such as reports or correction requests not reaching the author is coming out and the evaluation process is lengthening.

It would be healthy for the authors to follow the relevant steps through the system in order to avoid a possible lack of communication.

The headline article should be descriptive and constitute the main issues of the article.

Titles in Turkish and English should not exceed 12 words if possible.

The title of the manuscript should be written in capital letters in 12 pt and bold; The concept of "essence" should be used instead of abstract.

Abstract should contain a brief summary of each of the main sections of the article and contain information that will enable the reader to decide to read the article in its entirety.

All main headings, including abstract, should be written in 12 pt large letters, subheadings in small letters, bold and 12 pt.

Articles submitted to our journal may be in Turkish or foreign language (English, French or German).

A maximum of 100-150 words should be added with the Turkish and English languages (English and Turkish title should be included).

Also, under this abstract, there should be "keywords" in Turkish and English which can define the field of the work.

Summary if any; should be included at the end of the article, the information given should be expressed more broadly than abstract. Any findings or consequences that are not included in the research text should not be included. References should not be included in the text.

Articles A4 size paper should be written in the following format. The article, including the bibliography, should not exceed 25 pages in number of pages and 8000 words in number of words.

Top: 2,5 cm Left: 2,5 cm Bottom: 2,5 cm Right: 2,5 cm Character: Times New Roman 12 pts Row Spacing: 1.5
The article should be sent via dergipark system.

In addition, the copyrigt form signed by the author / authors must be scanned and sent through the same system.

Subject headings in the article should be numbered according to Arabic system (1., 1.1, etc.)

The dimensions and general design of the 
journal should be taken into account when preparing the tables and figures.

Shapes and tables should be titled and numbered and should be centered on the page. Title; should be placed above the tables and under the shapes.

Equations should be given a sequence number.

The sequence number must be in parentheses and at the far right of the page.

All articles; Should be written in a format that conforms to the spelling guidelines outlined in the "American Psychological Association (APA)," The Journal of the American Psychological Association (6th edition), 2001 ".

The 6th edition of Apa should be the version that authors will consider.


Internet address for mentioned source; ,

Sources should be written in Latin alphabet.

DOI numbers ,if any, should be added at the end of the source.

For example;Silverson, B. E. (2011). Fundemental of Personal Initiative. Journal Of Management and Economics: General, 224, 202 – 253. Doi: 10.1037/0056- 3245.134.2.248

Otherwise, the URL numbers for the article are written.

If the original dates of the classical works (Adam Smith, Marx, Locke, etc.) are known, they are given at the end of the source as follows: (The original work is dated 1882)

From the same surname author, even if the publication is older, the first letter of authors' name is taken into account  when sequencing in the bibliography

For example;Vasfi, E. (1998). Hukuki Terimler, Ankara: Vadi. Vasfi, L. (2007). Hukuk Reformları Sürecinde Türkiye‟nin İnsan Hakları Sorunu. İnsan Hakları Haberciliği, (derl.) Sevda Alankuş, İstanbul: STE Vakfı.

• When indicating the Books and Reports in the bibliography, the place where it was published first, then the bookstore, the name of the publishing house are written without specifying attachments such as "bookstore", "publishing house", "publication".

For example;

Ankara: Dost

İstanbul: Nesa

İstanbul: Sabancı Vakfı

New York, NY: McGreen – Hill

• Single-author book Ansel, N. (2006). Sessiz Gün. İstanbul: Deki.

Carlsen, S. (2009). Matrix: Ya da Sapkınlığın İki Yüzü. Bahadır Turan (Çev.). İstanbul: Encore.

• Multiple-author book

Abisel, N., Arslan, U.T., Behçetoğulları, P., Karadoğan, A., Öztürk, S.R. & Ulusay, N. (2005). Çok Tuhaf Çok Tanıdık. İstanbul: Metis.

• Edited book

Katip, M. (Ed.) (2007). Kamusal Fayda. Ankara: İmge.

• Section in an Edited book

 Akyol, B. (2004). Saha Çalışmalarında Kamusal Alan Kavramı. Kemal Özbek (Ed.), Kamusal Alan Dahilinde (s. 689-713). Ankara: Dost.

• Books with multiple prints

 Straight, W. Jr. & Walles, E. B. (2004). The Elements of World(7. Baskı). New York: Longman.

• Only electronically published book

 O'Keefe, E. (n.d.). Egoism & the cnsts in Western values. Erişim .asp litem I 135

• E-book verison of book

Shelton, M. A (1989). Magazine addiction? A study of Social Life [DX Reader version]. Retrieved from

• In the electronic address, the URL from which the source is available is given,

• Electronic Articles

Bulunması durumunda digital object identifier (DOI) numarası belirtilmelidir.

Rousseau, S. C. (2009). What is Freedom ?. Knowledge Management

Research & Practice. Advance online publication. doi: 1 0.1


• E-newspaper articles

Seran, Ö. (2010, 21 Ocak). Televizyon alışkanlıklarımız ve çocuklar.

• A new edition of a previous edition (especially in classical editions)

Smith, A. (1976). An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. E. Cannan (Ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (İlk baskı 1776).

Metin İçinde Kullanımı :(Smith, 1776/1976)

• Section translated from a book

In the Bibliography: Hengel, M. (1958). The Best Quality. T. Prast (Çev.). Chicago: Charles Scribner‟s Son. (İlk baskı. 1912-1917).

• Report and Technical Artciles

Özer, H. (2008). Mediscape Turkey 2000 (Report No. 2). Ankara:


• Journal Single-author Article

Cenah, Y. (2009). Geçmişin Sosyolojik Baskısı: Tarihsel ve Toplumsal Akla Doğru. Toplum ve Bilim, 12, 202-240.

• Journal Multiple-author Article

Bilken, F. S., Çelik, P. (1998). Müzakere Yöntemleri. Kültür ve İletişim, 2 (1), 397-414.


• Editorial Writings with unknown authors

Editorial Writings with unknown authors

Editorial: "What is a Chaos" [Editorial]. (2006). Journal of Management and Business, 25, 8-10.

• For Newspaper and Journal Writings with unknown authors

In the Bibliography: Türkiye ve Rusya İlişkileri Ne Yönde: Bir Tarih, İki Devlet. (2003, 13 Aralık). Hürriyet, 36.

In text: (Türkiye Rusya İlişkileri Ne Yönde, 2003)

• Newspaper and Journal Writings with certain author

Öymen, F. (2013, 29 Aralık). Siyaset ve Ekonomi. Milliyet, s.21.

• Unpublished Theses, Poster Writings , Papers

If it is downloaded from YÖK (Higher Education Board), the address of Url should be written at the end of the source.

Erkan, F. (2012). Politika ve Yansıması: Mardin’de Sosyolojik Altyapı. (Yayımlanmamış doktora tezi). Celal Bayar Üniversitesi/Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Manisa.

• Encyclopedias

In the Bibliography: Ottomans: History. (1997). Encyclopaedia Britannica içinde (12. Baskı. Cilt. 14, s. 1170- 1188). Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica.

In text: (Ottomans: History, 1987)

• Dictionaries

In the Bibliography: Hellmender. (208). Political Dictionary (11. Baskı). Los Angeles, Longman.

In text: (Helmmender, 2008)

• Interview

Şenay, YILDIZ. (2012).Rusya Ukrayna’ya Girerse Çekoslovakya Gibi

Olur. Cengiz SAĞAN ile söyleşi. Akşam. 28 Temmuz 2003.Erişim

Tarihi 13 Ocak 2004,

• Television Programmes

In the Bibliography: Long, T. (Author), ve Moore, S. D. (Director). (2002). Bart vs. Lisa vs. 3. Sınıf [Television series]. B. Oakley ve J. Weinstein

(Producer), Simpsonlar içinde. Episode: 1403 F55079. Fox.

In text: (Simpsonlar, 2002)

• Film

In the Bibliography: Micheal, K. (Yönetmen/Senaryo Yazarı). (2001).

Economist[Film]. U.S.: Warner Bros.

In text: (Economist, 2001)

• Photography

In the Bibliography: Ara, Güler. (1987). Ankara Milli Parkı [Fotoğraf]. Güzel Sanatlar Fakültesi, Ankara.

In text : (Ara, 1987)

Article publishing process is as follows:-

After they have passed the evaluation process of the refrees to be designated in the "Refree Committee", articles will be returned to the author for correction, if any.

The author must return it after making the corrections requested by the referee.

The author (s) are responsible for non-compliance with the rules set forth in this announcement. 

In such a case, regardless of the referee evaluation report, the 
journal Publication Commission reserves the right not to publish the relevant article.