Volume: 15 Issue: 3, 9/26/22

Year: 2022

Research Article

Review Article

The main purpose of The Journal of Urban Culture and Management (JOURAC) is to provide scientific and academic studies for the benefit of  the people of the world to ensure that Turkish and world cities become more prosperous, more liveable; by publishing the architecture, administrative, economic, environmental, and engineering studies in the context of the city; and the literature studies in the context of the language and culture of the city in a multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary and transdisiplinary mood while acting as the academia of the urban areas where the 80% of the world population live.

The Journal of Urban Culture and Management aims to pave the way for the scientific productions in urban areas and to make faster contribution to development and institutionalization of the cities, and to make more voluminous added values to the world civilization by taking the decision to make its publishing period four times a year.

In this context The Journal of Urban Culture and Management;

1.       1. Cares about its multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary structure and aims to encourage it.

2.       2. Accepts the cultural and ethnographic identities of the cities as world heritage and aims to create this consciousness.

3.       3. Aims to strengthen the importance given to the world heritage concept by people in the context of urban culture.

4.       4. Aims to lead the protection and introduction of the prehistoric remains with the cultural combination of the world cities, specifically Anatolian Territorry which is the credle of civilizations.

Journal of Urban Academy is accepted an article in the areas of particularly urbanization, public administration, local government, political science, management science,  urban planning, architecture, environment, environmental engineering, landscape, human geography, political history, art history, history of civilization, etymology, transport, transportation, logistics,  smart traffic, communication, mass transportations, as well as disciplines such as ecology, renewable energy, environmental economics, civil defence, internal/external security, public health, hospital management.

Process and Refereeing::

Triple Publishing Period, / Open Access, / International, / Double Blind Peer Reviewing  (3 Reviewing Per Article) Electronic Journal.


  1. In this journal, all rights of published manuscripts and legal responsibilities belong to the authors. Even if the copyrights of publications in our journal belong to authors, after this publication is published for this once in the Journal of Urban Academy does not demand removing or erasing from the publication of the published manuscripts.
  2. Articles published in this journal are not cited without any reference in part or whole.
  3. Author(s) is/are fully belongs to copyrights all his/her/their works published in the Journal. Therefore, legal responsibility related to article contents belongs to the authors.
  4. In the article submission process,  if articles sent for review are not published, they can be erased by the Journal of Urban Academy. Our journal does not give a guarantee it is not erased from the database for articles that rest more than a year in the online interface. Published articles cannot be removed from the publication with no external justification, except for legal obligations. Our authors can not demand removal from the publication of the published manuscripts without a court decision.
  5. The Journal of Urban Academy is published online quarterly at the DergiPark website (https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kent) for uploading, process execution, and publication, and the portal (www.kentakademisi.com) for article publication. Urban Academy (KA) accepts articles discussing urban in multidisciplinary science and field of occupation such as urbanization, public administration, local governments, political science, international relations, (local administrations) management sciences, law, urbanism, architecture, landscape, urban planning, geography, human geography, political history, art history, archeology, history of civilization, etymology, transportation, urban and intercity transportation, traffic, maritime, logistics, communication and techniques, social psychology, human resources, industrial engineering, industrial design, renewable energy, environment, environmental economics, environmental engineering, defense, civil defense, security, public health, hospital management.
  6. Authors should be sent in WORD format via e-mail or doing registration and saving articles in an interactive environment to publish your articles. In addition, it can be sent articles on TÜBİTAK Journal Park System. Unless email confirmation does not receive, email senders will not carry responsibility. Our Journal is not responsible for documents lost and/or disappearing in an electronic environment.
  7. Articles may be Turkish or English. The title and abstract parts of articles should be one in Turkish, English, German and French languages. Similarly, keywords should be Turkish and English. Paragraph space should be 12 nk and indent should be 0 (zero) in the articles. Namely, it is not used paragraph indentation.
  8. The article will never be published if studies were published anywhere before. As for translation writings, it is defined as publication name made the translation, volume, issue, author and country.
  9. The content should be numbered systematically DRAWINGS, PAINTINGS, PHOTOS, and SHAPES which are added to articles.
  10. The author’s right of publication has no obligation to transfer our site in case of clear articles and reviews sent Journal of Urban Academy for publication.
  11. Articles sent for publishing are scanned with the ITHENTICATE program in the preliminary review stage of the editor.
  12. Journal Editorial Board decide whether manuscripts sent to be published are issued or not issued and how they will play a part in this journal. Editorial Board can request some changes in point of content and form from the author in case of find necessary.
  13. The first page of the article should play a part in the title and short abstract of the manuscript. Furthermore, it should be defined acknowledgments and other notes related to the study in the footnote part under the first page.
  14. The name, surname, degree, affiliation and address of the author should play a part in the author's part found at the start of the article. Furthermore, it should be added to a short curriculum vitae for the author.
  15. The manuscript should be divided into sections considering content according to headings. The first and last are defined as Introduction and Conclusion. Others are numbered such as 1.1, 1.2 etc. It is used bold letters to define section headings.
  16. Citations in articles should be made with the APA citation system version 7.0 and the bibliography should be processed in the same way.
  17. Before the abstract of the article, it should be written with at least five keywords in Turkish and English.
  18. Journal of Urban Academy is free to all visitors. This Journal does not charge any article submission or processing charges.
  19. Yazı eklemede herhangi bir sorun yaşayan yazarlarımız can transmit on online@kentakademisi.com web adress via e-mail.
  20. If it is benefitted from others’ views or references in articles, reference notations are APA 7.0 system.
  21. If the opinions of others or other sources are used in the articles, the references use the international APA 7.0 reference/bibliography system. Both in-text citations and bibliography should be created by these procedures and principles.
  22. The articles need to be created according to the ARTICLE TEMPLATE found in the documents section on the main page, on the left menus, for the rapid publication of the article in question.

The Publication Principles of the Journal of Urban Academy (JUA)
In the Kent Akademisi (KA) Journal of Urban Academy (JUA), the publication processes and the basic planning for the development and dissemination of information impartially and respectfully were planned. The processes applied in this direction are directly reflected in the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions supporting the authors. Refereed studies are the studies that embody and support the scientific method. At this point, all stakeholders of the process (authors, readers and researchers, publishers, referees and editors) must comply with standards for ethical principles. JUA is expected to have the following ethical responsibilities for all stakeholders within the scope of publication ethics.

Kent Akademisi (KA), Journal of Urban Academy (JUA) follows the COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and the Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers.
If an unethical behavior or content is encountered in our journal other than the ethical responsibilities mentioned above, the situation should be reported to the e-mail address of bilgi@kentakademisi.com.

ICAM NETWORK ETHICS COMMITTEEthe publisher parent company of our journal, is the ultimate authority on detailed issues, except for the COPE Ethical Principles and the PRESS ETHICAL PRINCIPLES.

Ethical Duties and Responsibilities of Authors

It is expected that the author (s) submitting a submission to our journal will comply with the following ethical responsibilities:

1. Authors should ensure that they have written and submit only entirely original works, and if they have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited. Plagiarism takes many forms, from "passing off" another's paper as the author's own, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another's paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

2. Persons who do not intellectually contribute to the content of the study should not be mentioned as authors.

3. The name of the author, who has the most added value in the works of art, should be written as the first name and the author whose academic title is superior should not be defined as the first author even if it does not provide sufficient value in the academic community.

4. The status of any work submitted for publication and the relationship that may constitute a conflict of interest should be explained.

5. The author (s) may be asked for raw data on their manuscripts within the framework of the evaluation process, in which case the author (s) should be prepared to submit the expected data and information to the editorial and the scientific boards.

6. The author (s) must have the right to use the data used, the document that they have the necessary permissions for the research/analysis or that the consent of the test subjects has been obtained. Even if our journal did not request this, these documents should be taken 'ready'.

7. It is the authors' prerogative to discover significant errors or inaccuracies in their published work. If such an issue is discovered, the author(s) are expected they must promptly notify the journal’s editors or publisher and cooperate with them to either correct the paper in the form of an erratum or retract the paper.

8. Authors cannot have more than one journal in the application process. Each application may be initiated following the completion of the previous application. Work published in another journal cannot be sent for evaluation.

9. It is not possible to change the author's responsibilities (such as adding an author, changing the order of author, removing the author) of a study that has started the evaluation process. However, this request is taken into consideration by the JUA in case DERGİPARK uploads a file to the editor by the author or the corresponding author of the work regarding the signed requests of the other authors in the process.

B- Ethical Duties and Responsibilities of Editors:

The Journal of Urban Academy editors and field editors have the following ethical duties and responsibilities based on the "COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors" and "COPE Best Practice Guidelines for JournalEditors" guidelines published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE):

1. Editors are responsible for every publication in the journal. In this respect, editors have the following roles and obligations:

2. Striving to meet the information needs of readers and authors,

3. Continuously improving the growth and development of the journal,

4. To take part in the processes aimed at improving the quality of the studies published in the journal,

5. To support freedom of thought and to be diligent in bringing original and foreign works to the article,

6. Apply the editorial processes without compromising intellectual property rights and ethical standards,

7. Demonstrate clarity and transparency in terms of publication in matters requiring correction and clarification.

8. To be supportive in guiding the field editors, by using various communication forms,

9. The editor is obliged to take into account the feedback from the readers, researchers and to provide explanatory and informative feedback.

10. The submissions that comply with the publication scope should be taken to the pre-evaluation stage unless there is a serious problem.

11. Editors should not ignore the favorable referee recommendations unless there is a serious problem with the work.

12. New editors should not change the decisions made by the previous editor (s) for the work unless there is a serious problem.

13. Help the field editors to be careful in conducting the blind referee process, inform the field editors about violations of the blind referee, and warn if necessary.

14. Editors in charge of publication processes should be proficient in the effective and efficient use of referees and editorial processes,

15. Encourage Field Editors to develop the referee pool.

16. Editors should protect the intellectual property rights of all published articles and defend the rights of the journal and author (s) in case of possible violations. In addition, editors are obliged to take the necessary measures to ensure that the content of all published articles does not infringe the intellectual property rights of other publications.

17. It should take into account the persuasive criticism of the works published in the journal and should take a constructive attitude towards these criticisms.

18. Editors should grant the author(s) the right to reply to the reviews.

19. Editors are obliged to carefully examine the complaints from the referees or readers and respond in an enlightening and explanatory manner.

20. The author, publisher and any other political and commercial elements do not affect the independent decision-making of the editors.

21. Editors should ensure that the judgments contained in the work are corrected quickly, including errors, inconsistencies or misleading.

C- Ethics Duties and Responsibilities of Field Editors:

1. Field editors should assign the referees by the subject of the study.

2. Field editors should provide the information and guidance to referees they need during the evaluation phase.

3. It is necessary to be proactive in this regard to ensure that there is no conflict of interest between the authors and reviewers.

4. According to the blind refereeing system, the referees should keep their identity information confidential and the field editor should pay attention to hiding the name and surname of the referees in the evaluation form.

5. They should use methods that encourage the referees to evaluate work in an objective, scientific form of communication.

6. Evaluate the referees with criteria such as timely return and performance. Use encouraging and motivating statements to referees and not engage in content discussion with referees.

7. Develop policies and practices to improve the performance of referees.

8. Take the necessary steps to dynamically update the referee pool.

9. In case of a negative response from both referees, if the article is considered to be very useful for the journal and the scientific community, it should be able to take the initiative to refer to the 3rd and 4th referees if necessary.

10. Maintain dialogue with the author regularly during the review process.

11. In rejected articles, the field editor should respond as politely as possible in dialogues with the author and state the reasons for rejection in absolute terms.

D- Ethics Duties and Responsibilities of Referees:

The Journal of Urban Academy evaluation process is carried out with the principle of a double-blind blind refereeing process. The referees cannot contact the authors directly. Reviews and comments are communicated through the journal management system. In this process, referee comments on evaluation forms and full texts are forwarded to the author (s) through the editor. In this context, the reviewers are expected to have the following ethical responsibilities:

1. Only accept the assessment related to the area of ​​expertise.

2. Evaluate neutrality and confidentiality.

3. Any invited referee who has conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the manuscript and the work described therein should immediately notify the editors to declare their conflicts of interest and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.

4. Dispose of the submission they reviewed by the principle of confidentiality after the evaluation process. They can only use the final versions of the articles after they are published.

5. Evaluate objectively the content of the submission. Nationality, gender, religious and, political beliefs and commercial concerns should not influence assessment.

6. Do not make humiliating personal comments that include hostility, slander and insult. Personal critiques oriented toward the manuscripts’ authors are not an appropriate manner of conduct. Reviews should follow an objective procedure in their reports and upon the acceptance of referee duty, they accept that their comments are supported by arguments that are of help to the authors in improving their work.

7. The submission should be carried out promptly and with the above ethical responsibilities.

8. The Journal protects the property and copyright of each published article and undertakes to keep a record of each published copy.

9. Has the responsibility to take all kinds of scientific misconduct, citation, and plagiarism related to academic publishing.

E- Ethical Duties and Responsibilities of the Editorial Board:

1. JUA Editorial Board is responsible for publishing each article by journal publishing policies and international standards.

2. The Editorial Board members, who are the Chief Editor, Editors and Technical Editors, and Foreign Language Editors, are responsible for the overall journal.

3. The journal should not remain indifferent to its deficiencies in content, technical and visual aspects. It should inform the relevant person first if there is a problem in a related field of responsibility.

4. The editorial board must express its opinion in virtual meetings.

5. The editorial board organizes periodical meetings for the development of the publishing policies of JUA.

6. The owner of the journal may not interfere with the content of the publication, nor intervene in such a way that the execution coherence of the processes is disturbed.

7. The Editorial Board is responsible for all processes of the manuscripts submitted to the journal. Regardless of economic or political gains, decision-makers are editors.

F- Protection of Personal Data:

1. The JUA is obliged to ensure the protection of personal data relating to subjects or visuals in the submissions evaluated. Individuals used in the submissions may refuse to work unless explicit consent is documented.

2. The JUA is responsible for protecting the individual data of field editors, referees, authors and readers.

3. The journal is obliged to ensure the protection of human and animal rights in the studies evaluated. Ethics committee approval of the subjects used in the studies is responsible for rejecting the study in the absence of permission for experimental research.

G- Hazards and human or animal subjects

1. If the work involves that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the authors must identify these in the manuscript. If the work involves the use of animals or human participants, the authors should ensure that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) has approved them; the manuscript should contain a statement to this effect.

Measures against Possible Abuses

The Journal of Urban Academy is obliged to take measures against possible misconduct.

In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the JUA will take all necessary measures to clarify the situation and amend the article in question. This will be done in concordance with the editor and the editorial board. The measures include, but are not limited to, an erratum, clarification, and in the most severe case, the retraction of the article. The editor is responsible for conducting a rigorous and objective investigation into the identification and evaluation of complaints, as well as sharing of relevant findings.

H- Access to Journal Content

The publisher is committed to open access to all academic endeavors and as such, accepts its duty to make published content available and freely accessible by all sections of the worldwide academic community. The publisher does not charge any pecuniary fees for the processing, submission, and publication of manuscripts. The publisher commits to free and universal access to its published content in perpetuity.

I- Encountering an Unethical Situation

In case of encountering the ethical responsibilities mentioned above and any other unethical behavior or content in our journal, please inform the e-mail address: bilgi@kentakademisi.com or online@kentakademisi.com 

If an unethical behavior or content is encountered in our journal other than the ethical responsibilities mentioned above, the situation should be reported to the e-mail address of bilgi@kentakademisi.com. Requests sent to this e-mail address are finalized (latest decision)  by the ICAM NETWORK ETHICS COMMITTEE.

1. Our journal is open access, an editorial publication fee is charged from the author.

a. The publication charge/fee to be paid by the author is requested before the article is uploaded.
b. The publication fee to be paid by the author is calculated as 500 TL or, for foreign authors, 50 USD, against the Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankası, the exchange rate of that day, within the scope of the Board of Directors determined in the editorial board numbered 2022/222/1 and dated 04/01/2022.
c. The fee requested from the articles sent to our journal for publication is in no way dependent on the Acceptance / Rejection condition. This condition is carried out by the decision numbered 2021.18.643 on Predatory/Shabby Journals taken at the Council of Higher Education session dated December 30, 2021 and numbered 2021.18.
D. The fee payment requirement applies to all authors. Payments are in a transparent and auditable structure, which applies equally to each author. Reports on this issue are published in our journal at the end of each year. The fee is calculated by the authors jointly (jointly) in equal proportions among themselves. Payment is made from the authorized author's account.
to. Those who work as field editors at least twice a year in our journal are given a 50% discount on the publication fee.
f. Publication fees are used for the secretariat, preparation for publication and journal accreditation costs.
g. PROVISIONAL ARTICLE: (The beginning of the publication fees) is valid for the articles to be uploaded from the day the publication fee is announced.

a. Journal of Urban Academy does not demand any fees from its readers.
b. Provisions requested by the Journal of Urban Academy, regarding libraries and special directories are reserved.

2. Article fee payments will be valid for articles that will be uploaded to the system after 05/07/2022, for which the decision has been taken.
3. Fee payments can be made through the TL and USD accounts of the Black Sea Poets and Author Association, the publisher of our journal.

Karadeniz Şairler ve Yazarlar Derneği IBAN ACCOUNTS:
IBAN NUMBER (TL) TR: 070001500158007316964344
IBAN NUMBER (USD) TR: 530001500158048021390124

International Refereed and Indexed Journal of Urban Culture and Management | Kent Kültürü ve Yönetimi Uluslararası Hakemli İndeksli Dergi
Information, Communication, Culture, Art and Media Services (ICAM Network) | www.icamnetwork.net
Address: Ahmet Emin Fidan Culture and Research Center, Evkaf Neigh. No: 34 Fatsa Ordu
Tel: +90452 310 20 30 Faks: +90452 310 20 30 | E-Mail: (int): info@icamnetwork.net | (TR) bilgi@icamnetwork.net