Yıl 2019, Cilt , Sayı , Sayfalar 53 - 63 2019-10-30

Acquisition Of Passives: A Semantico-Pragmatic Approach
Edilgen Yapıların Edinimi: Anlambilimsel Ve Edimbilimsel Yaklaşım

Sercan Karakaş [1]


This paper presents a general review of literature in terms of acquisition of passives as well as providing new theoretical insights considering the semantics and pragmatics of passives, which are thought to be the underlying reasons of difficulty. In literature, there is a disagreement whether passives are difficult and if they are difficult, what the underlying reasons can be. Based on the arguments presented in the literature, there exist two accounts to take into consideration, which are the syntactic account (Wexler 2004) and Incremental Processing Hypothesis (Trueswell and Gleitman 2004). Wexler’s syntactic hypothesis is that children regard all vP’s and CP’s as strong phases, which makes passives ungrammatical for them, which is the source of the difficulty. However, in either way (syntax or incremental processing), frequency plays a role in boosting the acquisition process by either making children be faster at reassigning thematic roles, which is the source of difficulty according to incremental processing hypothesis, or making children be aware of the fact that vPs are not strong phases, thereby making passives grammatical, so that children can use them. Finally, I present my semantic and pragmatic analysis so as to explain why passives are difficult to acquire in some languages since the studies on passives seem to neglect the effect of semantics. For this paper, I use intensional semantics (Von Fintel and Heim 2011) to provide new theoretical insights to the acquisition of passives. 

Bu makale, edilgen yapıların edinilmesi açısından alanyazının genel bir incelemesini sunmanın yanı sıra, edilgen yapıların temel zorluk nedenleri olduğu düşünülen anlambilimi ve edimbilimi göz önünde bulundurularak yeni bir teorik yaklaşım sunmaktadır. Alanyazında edilgen yapıların zor olup olmadığı ve eğer zor ise, bu zorluğun altında yatan nedenlerin ne olabileceği konusunda bir anlaşmazlık vardır. Alanyazında sunulan argümanlara dayanarak, sözdizimsel hipotez (Wexler 2004) ve artımlı işleme hipotezi (Trueswell ve Gleitman 2004) öne çıkmaktadır. Wexler'ın sözdizimsel hipotezi, çocukların tüm küçük eylem öbeklerini ve tümleyici öbeklerini güçlü fazlar olarak görmelerini savunur ve bunun sonucunda çocuklar edilgen yapıları dilbilgisi dışı olarak gördüklerini iddia eder ki bu da Wexler’a göre zorluğun kaynağıdır. Bununla birlikte, her iki durumda da (sözdizimsel hipotez veya artımlı işleme), bu yapıların frekansı büyük rol oynamaktadır. Bu çalışmada son olarak ise edilgen yapıların neden bazı dillerde edinilmesinin zor olduğunu açıklamak için anlambilimsel ve edimbilimsel bakış açıları temel alınarak kuramsal bir analiz sunulmaktadır çünkü alanyazındaki edilgen yapılar ile ilgili çalışmalar anlam bileşenini ihmal etmektedir. Bu çalışmada, edilgen yapıların edinilmesine yeni teorik bir bakış açısı sağlamak için içlemsel anlambilim modeli (Von Fintel ve Heim 2011) kullanılmıştır.

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Orcid: 0000-0002-1813-351X
Yazar: Sercan Karakaş
Kurum: ISTANBUL AYDIN UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Ekim 2019

APA Karakaş, S . (2019). Acquisition Of Passives: A Semantico-Pragmatic Approach. IBAD Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , () , 53-63 . DOI: 10.21733/ibad.610878