Cilt: 9 Sayı: 3, 30.09.2022

Yıl: 2022


Araştırma Makalesi

12. Pamukkale critical thinking skill scale: a validity and reliability study

International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education (IJATE) is an international, peer-reviewed online journal. 

IJATE is aimed to receive manuscripts focusing on evaluation and assessment in education. It is expected that submitted manuscripts could direct national and international argumentations in the area. Both qualitative and quantitative studies can be accepted, however, it should be considered that all manuscripts need to focus on assessment and evaluation in education.

International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education (IJATE) accepts original research on the design, analysis and use of evaluation along with assessment to enhance comprehending of the performance and quality of stakeholders in educational settings. IJATE is pleased to receive discriminating theoretical and empirical manuscripts (quantitative or qualitative) which could direct significant national and international argumentations in educational policy and practice.

IJATE encourages submissions of three types of research articles-feature articles, reviews/essays, and briefs. Technical comments may also be submitted. Your work must be of a quality and context that Editorial boards think would be of interest to an international readership.

This journal is specifically counted for research that provides new knowledge and encourages innovative applications in the fields of:

• Measurement processes & techniques,
• Innovative approaches for developing measurement instruments,
• Innovative assessment strategies,
• Cross-cultural assessments,
• Large-scale assessment and its applications on education,
• High stake testing and its reflection on education,
• Validity studies,
• Issues related to measurement & assessment,
• Classroom assessment,
• Applying statistical approaches to problems and issues in educational or behavioral research,
• Tutorial presentations of less well known methods,
• Novel applications of already-known methods,
• reviews of software packages used in applied measurement,
• Educational research problems by using a review approach (thematic or methodological reviews, or meta-analyses),
• Research on how reforms and interventions affect assessment outcomes,
• On-going and emerging methodological debates across a range of approaches, both qualitative and quantitative.

DergiPark Guide

Guide for Peer Review System

Important note: All submitted articles should provide information about the ethical consent of the research. For detailed information, see the TR Index ethical principles flowchart ( ).

Does the article need Ethics Committee Approval Letter?

Documents to Download

Cover Letter, Copyright Transfer and Acknowledgement of Authorship Form, Article Template


All scientific responsibility of the manuscripts belongs to the author(s). The editor, co-editor and publisher do not accept any responsibility for the articles published in the journal.

Note: In IJATE, at most two articles belonging to an author/ co-author in the same year (volume), maximum one article at an issue, might be published.


Int. J. Assess. Tools Educ. / IJATE



Each author should indicate to the editor on the presentation page that part or all of the manuscript is not published elsewhere and is not in the process of being evaluated in another journal at the same time. Oral or poster presentations presented at congresses should be indicated on the title page with the name of the congress, place, and date. All responsibility for the articles published in the journal (ethics, scientific, legal, etc.) belongs to the authors.


The publication language of the journal is English, and the articles are accepted in only English. English articles and English Abstracts should be checked by a professional linguist before being submitted. The spelling and grammatical errors in the manuscript are corrected by our English language consultant and editorial committee.


After the approval of the editors and referees, the publication date of the article is taken into consideration. A DOI number is obtained for each post.

International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education (IJATE) has a fully online submission and online reviewing system. This system offers authors the option of tracking by online based review process of their manuscripts. All manuscripts must be submitted with online from the system by registering.


The journal's language is English language. Manuscripts should not exceed for qualitative studies 60 pages and for quantitative studies 50 pages of printed text, including references, tables and figures.

For a study to be accepted for publication, approval of at least two referees is required. When referees ask certain changes within the study and if the author(s) disagree(s), s/he may withdraw the manuscript. Communication with referees will be carried out directly electronically and the coordination will be carried out by the Editor and/or subject editor.

Submission checklist

You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review.

Ensure that the following items are present:

One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:

• E-mail address
• Full postal address

All necessary files have been uploaded:


• Include keywords
• All figures (include relevant captions)
• All tables (including titles, description, footnotes)
• Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided
• Indicate clearly if color should be used for any figures in print


The title of your manuscript should be concise, specific and relevant (max. 12 words).


The abstract should be a total of about 250 words maximum. The abstract should be a single paragraph and should follow the style of structured abstracts, but without headings: 1) Background: Place the question addressed in a broad context and highlight the purpose of the study; 2) Methods: Describe briefly the main methods or treatments applied. 3) Results: Summarize the article's main findings; and 4) Conclusion: Indicate the main conclusions or interpretations. The abstract should be an objective representation of the article: it must not contain results which are not presented and substantiated in the main text and should not exaggerate the main conclusions.


Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.


The introduction should briefly place the study in a broad context and highlight why it is important. It should define the purpose of the work and its significance, including specific hypotheses being tested. The current state of the research field should be reviewed carefully and key publications cited. Please highlight controversial and diverging hypotheses when necessary. Finally, briefly mention the main aim of the work and highlight the main conclusions. Keep the introduction comprehensible to scientists working outside the topic of the paper.


They should be described with sufficient detail to allow others to replicate and build on published results. New methods and protocols should be described in detail while well-established methods can be briefly described and appropriately cited. Give the name and version of any software used and make clear whether computer code used is available. Include any pre-registration codes.


Provide a concise and precise description of the experimental results, their interpretation as well as the experimental conclusions that can be drawn.


Authors should discuss the results and how they can be interpreted in perspective of previous studies and of the working hypotheses. The findings and their implications should be discussed in the broadest context possible and limitations of the work highlighted. Future research directions may also be mentioned. This section may be combined with Results.


This section is not mandatory, but can be added to the manuscript if the discussion is unusually long or complex.

Figures, Schemes and Tables

Figures, Schemes and Tables must be provided at a sufficiently high resolution (minimum 1000 pixels width/height, or a resolution of 300 dpi or higher). Common formats are accepted, however, TIFF, JPEG, EPS and PDF are preferred.

All Figures, Schemes and Tables should be inserted into the main text close to their first citation and must be numbered following their number of appearance (Figure 1, Scheme I, Figure 2, Scheme II, Table 1, etc.).

All Figures, Schemes and Tables should have a short explanatory title and caption.

All table columns should have an explanatory heading. To facilitate the copy-editing of larger tables, smaller fonts may be used, but no less than 8 pt. in size. Authors should use the Table option of Microsoft Word to create tables.

Authors are encouraged to prepare figures and schemes in color (RGB at 8-bit per channel). There is no additional cost for publishing full color graphics.


Acknowledgements of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the References. If the work has been presented in a conference or scholarly meeting, it should be mentioned here.

Declaration of Conflicting Interests and Ethics

Authors must identify and declare any personal circumstances or interest that may be perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of reported research results. If there is no conflict of interest, please state "The authors declare no conflict of interest."


All authors should give ORCID numbers


In preparing the references:

Text: Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guide (7th. Edition). You can get more information here:

List: references should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.

***If the original name of the reference is in another language than English; you must provide titles written/translated in English between square brackets [XXXXXXXX]. If possible, and the journal cited provides its name in English, please prefer the journals’ name in English rather than its name in Turkish or any other language when giving references. 

Citations and References in Supplementary files are permitted provided that they also appear in the main text and in the reference list.
References should be described as follows, depending on the type of work:

Article -print format:

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article: Capital letter to start subtitle. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue ), Page numbers.

Online Journal Article format:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article: Capital letter to start subtitle. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available).

Article format with DOI:

Author, A. A. (Date of Publication). Title of article: Capital letter to start subtitle. Journal title, Volume(issue), page range.
Working Papers:

Author, A. A. (year). Title of work (Report No. 123). Publisher.

Author, A. A. (year). Title of work (Report No. 123).

Source: American Psychological Association, 2010, p.206.


Book format:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter to start subtitle. Publisher.

Edition number? If the edition is known, include it in the reference - but not the first edition. APA Style Blog: Citing an Edition of a Book in APA Style

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter to start subtitle (edition# ed.). Publisher.

E-book format: Cite an e-book with the same information as a print book, and add the URL.

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter to start subtitle. Publisher. URL


Web page format - with author:

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day web page was last updated). Title of website. URL

Web page format - without author.

Corporate Author. (Year, Month Day web page was last updated). Title of website. URL

Web page format - without author and no corporate name. 

Title of page. (Year, Month Day web page was last updated). Retrieved from URL


Author last name, Initials. (Year). Dissertation title (Publication No. Number) [Type of dissertation/thesis, University Name]. Database Name.


Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Publication date). Title of document (version number if provided). https://URL

Name of company. (Publication date). Title of document (version number if provided). https://URL

Name of company. (Publication date). Title of document (version number if provided). Library database name and/or URL.
Print report:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Publication date). Title of document (version number if provided). Publisher Name.


Please modify your manuscript according to the article template before upload.

IJATE Publication Ethics Policy

We expect all authors to read and understand our ethics policy before submitting to our journal. This is in accordance with our commitment to the prevention of ethical misconduct, which we recognize to be a growing problem in academic and professional publications. It is important to note that most incidents of plagiarism, redundant publication, copyright infringement or similar occur because of a lack of understanding, and not through fraudulent intent. Our policy is one of prevention and not persecution. If you have any questions, please contact the editorial office.

Plagiarism Policy of IJATE

All papers submitted to International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education (IJATE) should fulfil the expectations regarding the authenticity of the paper. If plagiarism is identified, the COPE guidelines on plagiarism will be followed. There is a zero-tolerance policy towards plagiarism (including self-plagiarism) in our journal. Manuscripts are screened for plagiarism before, during, and after publication, and if found they will be rejected at any stage. After the review process has been completed and the manuscript has been accepted as a possible publication in IJATE, authors will be asked to submit a similarity report in PDF format by using a plagiarism software which determines the similarity rates such as iThenticate/Academic Paradigms, LLC-Check for Plagiarism/Grammarly-Plagiarism Checker. The Plagiarism-Similarity report must be in a PDF format for the entire text including tables, figures (excluding references). The plagiarism rate of the accepted manuscript must be not exceeded the rate of 15%.

Editors' responsibilities

Publication decisions

The editor is responsible for deciding which of the papers submitted to the journal will be published. The editor will evaluate manuscripts without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The decision will be based on the paper’s importance, originality and clarity, and the study’s validity and its relevance to the journal's scope. Current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism should also be considered.


The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper will not be used by the editor or the members of the editorial board for their own research purposes without the author's explicit written consent.

Reviewers' responsibilities

Contribution to editorial decisions The peer-reviewing process assists the editor and the editorial board in making editorial decisions and may also serve the author in improving the paper.
Promptness Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.


Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of sources

Reviewers should identify cases in which relevant published work referred to in the paper has not been cited in the reference section. They should point out whether observations or arguments derived from other publications are accompanied by the respective source. Reviewers will notify the editor of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and conflict of interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.

Authors' duties
Reporting standards

Authors of original research reports should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.

Data access and retention

Authors could be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the paper for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least ten years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data center), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.

Originality, plagiarism and acknowledgement of sources

Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited. The similarity report should be uploaded in PDF format by using a plagiarism software which determines the similarity rates such as iThenticate/Academic Paradigms, LLC-Check For Plagiarism/Grammarly-Plagiarism Checker. The report must be not exceeded the rate of 15%.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication

In general, papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal. Submitting the same paper to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable. Manuscripts which have been published as copyrighted material elsewhere cannot be submitted. In addition, manuscripts under review by the journal should not be resubmitted to copyrighted publications. However, by submitting a manuscript, the author(s) retain the rights to the published material. In case of publication, they permit the use of their work under a CC-BY license [], which means material subject to Copyright and Similar Rights that is derived from or based upon the Licensed Material and in which the Licensed Material is translated, altered, arranged, transformed, or otherwise modified in a manner requiring permission under the Copyright and Similar Rights held by the Licensor.

Authorship of the paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. The corresponding author ensures that all contributing co-authors and no uninvolved persons are included in the author list. The corresponding author will also verify that all co-authors have approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and to cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper in form of an erratum.


Our publication ethics and publication malpractice statement is mainly based on the Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (Committee on Publication Ethics, 2011).  Retrieved from

Open Access Statement

International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education (IJATE) adheres to the Budapest Open Access Initiative and defines its Open Access policy according to the definition developed in the original BOAI:

By “open access” to [peer-reviewed research literature], we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited. [See,]

IJATE views open-access to academic publications and research as an immutable part of academic endeavour. The publisher recognizes the essence of public good provided by the journal and hence accepts its responsibility as a public service to academic and intellectual betterment.

The publisher is committed to the open access to all academic endeavour and as such, accepts its duty to make published content permanently available and freely accessible by all sections of the worldwide academic community. The publisher does not charge any pecuniary fees for processing, submission, and publication of manuscripts. The publisher commits to the free and universal access to its published content in perpetuity.

The publisher via its host providing institution Dergipark uses Lockss for the archiving and preservation of its online content.

Authors retain their intellectual property: All articles published on IJATE are licensed with a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license and the journal does not require a transfer of copyright.


In addition to being available on IJATE, authors are encouraged to post any version of their manuscript in their institutional repositories or on their personal websites at any stage of the pre- and post-publication process. As an open access journal, we do not require authors to transfer copyright to IJATE in order to publish in the journal. Authors retain full control of their intellectual property and we use the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license for all works published in the journal. This means that anyone is free to share this material in any medium or format, and that anyone can remix, transform, and build upon the content, as long as they provide attribution to the content creator.

Archiving Policy

IJATE is accessed via Dergipark platform which utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration.

Publication Language

IJATE publishes articles written only in English.

Publication Frequency

IJATE is published "online" four times a year (quarterly) in March, June, September and December. If the Editorial Board finds it appropriate, a Special Issue can also be published.

Privacy Policy

Personal information entered into the IJATE site is used only for the specified purposes of this journal, cannot be used or shared for other purposes. This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record and the journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.

There is no fee charges for articles submitted.

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