Volume: 50 - Issue: 232, 11/24/21

Year: 2021

Research Article

Derleme Makalesi

Eğitime ilişkin bilgi, uygulama, sorun ve önerilerin bilimsel, akademik ve kuramsal düzlemde ortaya konulmasını, tartışılmasını ve taraflara ulaştırılmasını sağlamaktır.

Millî Eğitim dergisinde eğitim alanındaki makalelere yer verilir. Makalelerde araştırmaya dayalı olma, alana katkı sağlama, uygulamaya ilişkin öneriler ortaya koyma, yeni ve farklı gelişmeleri irdeleme, güncel olma ölçütleri dikkate alınır. Millî Eğitim dergisinde yayımlanacak makalelerin daha önce başka yayın organında yayımlanmamış veya yayımlanmak üzere kabul edilmemiş olması gerekir. Sempozyum veya kongre gibi bilimsel toplantılarda sunulan bildirilerde bilimsel toplantının adı, yeri ve tarihi belirtilmelidir. Bir araştırma kurumu veya kuruluşu tarafından desteklenen çalışmalarda desteği sağlayan kuruluşun adı, projenin ismi, (varsa) tarih, sayı ve numarası anılmalıdır.

The Journal of National Education, a refereed scientific journal, is published quarterly by The Ministry of National Education. The Journal is published quarterly in February, May, August and November as winter, spring, summer and fall issues.


The aim is to provide the information, practices, problems and suggestions regarding education and training are presented, discussed and delivered to the related parties, theoretically or practically, on a scientific level.


The journal of National Education includes articles in the field of education. In the articles, the criteria of being research-based, contributing to the field, making suggestions for implementation, examining new and different developments, and being up-to-date are taken into consideration.
Manuscripts must not have been previously published or accepted for publication in other media.


Articles are reviewed by the Editorial Board and the Pre-Review Board of the journal. The submitted articles are first evaluated by the Pre-Review Board. At this stage, the articles are handled from five angles;     

3.1. Compliance with Application Requirements

It is checked whether the information and documents specified in Article 6 have been uploaded completely.

3.2. Compliance with the Writing Rules of the Journal

Correct use of language and fluency, spelling rules, article word count, number of words in Turkish and English abstracts, number of keywords and compatibility of foreign language  equivalents, rules of bibliography etc. are controlled.

3.3. Compliance with the Article Template

While the articles are being prepared, the article template on our DergiPark page should be used. In the evaluation process, it is checked whether the article is suitable for the template features.

3.4. Compliance with the Scope of the Journal and Scientific Requirements

Whether it has basic scientific article features such as its purpose, method and result, quality and quantity of the sample of the research, whether the research subject is up-to-date, and suggestions contribute to education, etc. matters are examined.

3.5. Legal and Ethical Compliance

The article may contain ideas, criticisms and suggestions. However, these ideas and criticisms should not constitute a legal crime, violate ethical rules, and damage the dignity of individuals and institutions.

Articles that are found not to meet any of these conditions or whose application documents are missing are directly rejected with the decision of the Pre-Review Board. In addition, articles that are out of the field, namely the articles which are incompatible with the journal’s name, subject area, memory and readership, are returned even if they are complete and very successful. Reasons for refusal are not created with long explanations one by one for such articles that are too numerous. International scientific journals have no feedback obligation.

For the manuscripts that have detected minor deficiencies that do not require a return, a resubmission is requested through the DergiPark system. Follow-up of the process is the author's responsibility. Correspondence with the authors and referees related to the Journal of National Education is carried out through the DergiPark system and there is no opportunity or obligation to communicate with each author through different channels within the current workload.

The reviewed articles are submitted to the Editorial Board for scientific evaluation when necessary. These articles appropriate for publication principles are also checked for plagiarism. For this purpose, the article owners have to send the similarity report created using one of the internationally accepted similarity screening programs (eg iThenticate) in the attachment of the article. All responsibility for similarity belongs to the author. The similarity rate accepted by the National Education Journal is kept confidential in order to carry out the process in a healthy way. This rate has been determined by the Editorial Board by the evaluation and confirmation of the rate proposed by ULAKBİM and the relevant authorities.

An Ethics Committee Permit must be submitted for all articles. In cases where an Ethics Committee Permission Document is not required, authors must upload a document explaining the reason for this to the system. The institution, date and number of decisions from which the Ethics Committee was obtained should be specified in the method section of the article. If there is no need for Ethics Committee Permission, the justification should be explained in the method section. Institutional or individual application permissions obtained for the research do not replace Ethics Committee Permission.

Articles approved by the Pre-Review or Editorial Board are sent to two qualified referees who are well known in the field with their works. In the event of an acceptance and a rejection in the decisions, the third referee opinion is taken. The refereeing process is carried out until two positive or two negative reports received about the article. Invitations are sent to a maximum of twelve referees for an article. If there is no result from the referees in this process, the article is returned. Referee reports are confidential and kept for five years. The pre-review process takes an average of one month, and the referee process takes an average of six months. In some cases, this period may be longer. Detailed information about the referee process is explained in detail in the “Blind Referee System” section of the DergiPark Page.

Authors should take into consideration the criticism, corrections and suggestions by the referees and the Editorial Board. If there is a disagreement by the author, he/she has a right to explain it with justifications. The corrections made must be uploaded to the system during the revision process using the Referee Correction Chart on our DergiPark page. The Editorial Board or editorial unit has the right to make minor corrections, which do not change the whole meaning. The responsibility of the findings and opinions in the published articles belongs to their authors.

Printed issue is published on the Internet at http://dhgm.meb.gov.tr and ULAKBIM ODIS and DergiPark.

Text and photos can be quoted by showing the source.


Articles must be submitted in Turkish. However, papers in English can be published if they do not exceed one-third of the whole articles of the journal. Both Turkish and English abstracts of the article are required. Abstract and keywords -both Turkish and English- must comply with international standards (for example; keywords list in TR Index, CAB Theasarus, JISCT, ERIC etc. sources can be used)
The writing guidelines by the Turkish Language Institution must be followed in articles.


Submitted articles must comply with national and international ethical rules and research and publication ethics.
The following rules using our journal's article template must be taken into consideration:

5.1. Title

Articles must have a title. It should indicate the subject in the best way in Turkish and English, should not exceed fifteen words, should be written in bold with the first letters capitalized.

5.2. Article type

It should be written in bold, all capital letters under the title.

5.3. Author name(s) and addresses

Author names, titles, institutions, addresses, e-mail addresses and ORCID information should be specified.
Formatting in the template should be considered.

5.4. Abstract
Turkish and English abstract (adding keywords) should be made. Abstracts should not exceed two hundred and fifty words, and should reflect the entire article in the shortest and most concise manner (especially the purpose of the study, research method and result). It should be one paragraph and justified. It should be written with Times New Roman, 10 font, italic, bold, single line spacing. Keywords that reflect the integrity of the work should be given by leaving one blank line under the abstract. All of these keywords should be written in lowercase (except for proper names and capitalized abbreviations), and concepts should be listed from general to specific. The number of keywords should be between 3 and 8, no full stop should be used at the end. English abstract and keywords should have the same characteristics.

5.5. Article

Article should start with an introductory part that specifies the purpose, scope and methods of the study. It should continue with intermediate and sub-sections such as data, observations, opinions, comments, discussions and it should end with discussion, conclusion and suggestion sections.

5.5.1. Main Text: The article should be written on A4 size page, with 1.5 line spacing and 11 font size in Times New Roman, with 1.25 paragraph indentation and 6 nk paragraph spacing. 3 cm space should be left at the edges of the pages and the pages should be numbered. The articles should not exceed eight thousand words and thirty pages. Additions to be made in line with referee requests are not included in this limitation.

5.5.2. Main titles: These are consist of abstract, sections of the main text (introduction, method, findings, discussion, conclusion, suggestions), acknowledgments (if any), bibliography and (if any) annexes. Main titles should be written in capital letters only the first letter of each word, the others in lowercase, Times New Roman, 12 pt, centered and bold.

5.5.3. Minor titles: It should be written in bold, left-justified, Times New Roman, 11 font size. Only the first letter of each word should be capitalized and a carriage return should be placed at the end of the title.

5.5.4. Subtitles: All should be written in bold, left-justified, Times New Roman, 11 font size and only the first letter in the first word of the title must be capital. The text should be continued on the same line with a colon at the end of the title.

5.5.5. Figures: Figures should be drawn with a resolution that will not cause any problem in reduction and printing, and by choosing a smooth and sufficient line thickness. Each figure should be on a separate page. They should be numbered starting from "1", each figure should be numbered separately and a title should be written on each figure.

5.5.6. Tables: Like figures, they should be numbered separately starting from "1" and the numbers should be written on each table with its title.

Titles of figures and tables should be concise and the first letter of each word should be capitalized and the other letters should be written in lowercase. When necessary, explanatory footnotes or abbreviations should be given just below the figures and tables.

5.5.7. Images: It should be high resolution (300 dpi), bright and clear. In addition, the same rules for figures are applied.

Figures, tables and images should not exceed ten pages. Must be sent embedded in the text. If these images are thought to not be clear in printing, the original one is asked from the author.

5.5.8. Citing References In The Text: While giving references in the text, the following rules should be followed and the examples given should be taken as basis. The source should not be given in the form of a footnote.

a. For single author, last name should be followed by publication date in parenthesis:

(Güneş, 2006) or Güneş (2006) or according to the study of Güneş (2006) ...

b. When citing references with two authors in the text, "and" should be used between the surnames of the researchers as in the example below, and the publication date of the work should be given:

(Can and Gündüz, 2019) or Can and Gündüz (2019)

(Miles and Huberman, 1998) or Miles and Huberman (1998)

For multiple references, semi-column (;) should be used between the references and they should be written alphabetically as follows:

(Aydoğdu, 2020; Köksal, 2007; Öğülmüş, 1993; Safran and Aktaş, 2012)

c. While the publications with three or more authors are mentioned in the text, all the author's surnames are included for the first time, in the following citations, the name of the first author should be specified as follows, for the others “et al.” statement should be used. However, the names of all authors should be included in the resource directory:

Çepni, Ayvacı and Bakırcı (2015) or (Çepni, Ayvacı & Bakırcı, 2015) (first citation)

Çepni et al. (2015) or (Çepni et al., 2015) (second and subsequent references)

Dowden, Pittaway, Yost, & McCarthy, (2013) or (Dowden, Pittaway, Yost, & McCarthy, 2013) (first citation)

Dowden et al. (2013) or (Dowden et al., 2013) (second and subsequent references)

ç. When citing an unreachable publication in the text, the source from which the citation was made should be specified as follows. Only "citing" information should be included in the bibliography:

Köprülü (1911) (cited in Çelik, 1998) or (as cited in Köprülü, 1998) or Köprülü's (1911) (as cited in Çelik, 1998)…

d. Personal interviews should be mentioned in the text by indicating the surname and date of the interview. In addition, these interviews should be specified in the bibliography.

(Tarakçı, 2004)

e. Studies of institutions and organizations should be stated as follows.

Ministry of National Education (2018) or (Ministry of National Education, 2018) first reference

MEB (2018) or (MEB, 2018) later citations

5.6. Contributions

If there are contributors other than the author, these names should also be stated at the end of the article.
In studies supported by a research institution or organization, the name of the organization providing support, the name of the project, date (if any), number and number should be given.

5.7. References

References list should be added at the end of the article. The bibliography should be in accordance with APA 7, one of the international reference writing styles. It should be prepared in alphabetical order based on the surnames of the authors according to the following rules. The use of uppercase / lowercase letters should be arranged as follows in order to ensure spelling uniformity in the journal.

5.7.1. Periodicals

Author names, date, title of the article (italic), name of the periodical (not abbreviated), volume number (italic), (issue number), page number information should be included. If there is a DOI number, it should be given starting with http:

Öntaş, T., & Kaya, B. (2019). Examining the opinions of elementary teacher candidates about giving feedback in the process of teaching material design. Milli Eğitim, 48 (224), 59-73. https://dx.doi.org/10.37669/milliegitim.648686

Maier, U., Wolf, N., ve Randler, C. (2016). Effects of a computer-assisted formative assessment intervention based on multiple-tier diagnostic items and different feedback types. Computers & Education, 95, 85-98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2015.12.002

If the journal does not use volume, issue and / or article or page numbers, missing items should be excluded from the reference.
Bozan, M. (2004). Bölge yönetimi ve eğitim bölgeleri kavramı. Millî Eğitim, Kış 2004, S 161, 95-111.

5.7.2. Presentations

Author names, full date, title of the paper (in italics), name of the symposium or congress, editors, printing house, volume number, page number, place name information should be included.

The presentation should be explained in square brackets after the title. The description is flexible (eg "[Conference session]," "[Paper presentation]," "[Poster session]," "[Oral presentation]", "[Conference presentation summary]").

Güneş Koç, R. S., and Sarıkaya, M. (2018, 6-8 September). Investigation of the effect of context-based teaching method supported 5E, 5E teaching method and context-based teaching method on the success of 7th grade students in science lesson and the permanence of their knowledge [Oral presentation]. I. ILTER International Learning, Teaching and Education Research Congress, Amasya University, Amasya.

Rayner, A. (2005, September). Reflections on context based science teaching: A case study of physics students for physiotherapy [Poster presentation]. Annual UniServe Science Blended Learning Symposium Proceedings, Sydney.

5.7.3. Books

Author name(s), date, Book title (first letters in capital case, in italic), publisher information should be included. City name should not be written.

Beyatlı, Y. K. (1985). Our own sky dome. Ministry of National Education Publications.

Miles, M. B., ve Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Sage Publications.

Book with Editor:

Safran, M. (Edt.) (2019). Those who direct the world education (Vol 1-2). Ministry of National Education Publications.

Chapter in an Edited Book

In English-edited books, "in" should be used and the place of publication (province) should not be specified.

Nofal, N. (2019). Gazali. Safran, M. (Edt.), Dünya eğitimine yön verenler I (s 341- 363). Millî Eğitim Bakanlığı Yayınları.

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Publisher.

5.7.4. Reports and Theses:

It should be given as shown in the explanation and example below.

Author name (s), date, report or thesis title [if published or unpublished and type of report or thesis]. Institution or university name, department, place.

Azer, H. (2017). Bibliography of printed works in Ottoman Turkish in the archive library of the Ministry of National Education [Unpublished master's thesis]. Kırıkkale University, Institute of Social Sciences, Kırıkkale.

5.7.5. Internet References

Author name or institution name, date of publication on the internet. Title of the publication (in italics). Internet address should be included.

Bozan, M. (2004, 1 Şubat). District management and educational districts concept. http://www.yayim.meb.gov.tr

TÜBİTAK (2020, 18 Mayıs). UBYT program and journal list. https://ulakbim.tubitak.gov.tr/tr/haber/tubitak-2020-ubyt-programi-ve-dergi-listesi-ilan-edildi

For quotations other than these, APA 7 style should be used. (You can use the address https://apastyle.apa.org/products/publication-manual-7th-edition)


Millî Eğitim Dergisi aims to publish qualified studies that can contribute to our education system, in line with science and scientific publication ethics, under the supervision of expert referees. An objective evaluation and publication process in accordance with blind referee system is considered important. For this reason, the authors must follow the whole process through the DergiPark system. Articles sent to the journal’s personal e-mails or e-mails of the journal are not considered because they are not suitable for the blind review system.

In order to submit an article, the following files and documents should be uploaded to the DergiPark system at the web site of http://www.dergipark.org.tr/milliegitim.

Required Documents

1. Letter of Application containing article name, article type, author names, authors’ contact information (E-mail, telephone, place of duty) and ORCID.

2. Full text of the article with the name of the author (in Word file format)

3. Full text of the article without the name of author (in Word file format)

4. Similarity report (full report in PDF format)

5. Copyright Transfer Form

6. Ethics Committee Permission

The authors who submit the article are deemed to have accepted all the conditions stated in the publication principles of Millî Eğitim Dergisi.

Etik İlkeler ve Yayın Politikası

Millî Eğitim Dergisinde başvuru, inceleme, değerlendirme, okuma, yayınlama vb. adı altında herhangi bir ücret talep edilmez. Dergiye makale gönderilmesi ve değerlendirme sürecinde kabul gören makalelerin yayınlanması tamamen ücretsizdir.